parole - a project of gruppo a12, udo noll & peter scupelli

gentrification

  • author:
    Ruth Glass

  • publication:
    Ruth GlassAspects of Changein London University Centre for Urban Studies (editor)London: Aspects of ChangeMacGibbon and Kee, London 1964.

  • definition:
    The term gentrification is attributed to Ruth Glass, who described a phenomenon occurring in London in the early 1960's. Shabby, working class mews were acquired by middle-class people, who converted them to elegant and expensive homes. Because the word gentry implies a land-owning aristocracy, gentrification may be etymologically inappropriate. Nevertheless, it has acquired widespread and popular acceptance. Gentrification occurs when there is a substantial replace ment of a neighborhood's residents with newcomers who are of higher income and who, having acquired homes cheaply, renovate them and upgrade the neighborhood (Holcomb and Beauregard, 1981). The term gentrification is commonly used to refer to changes in the composition of the neighborhood population, resulting in new social organizational patterns (Palen and London, 1984).

    related links:
    http://www.verygood.f9.co.uk/gentweb/index.html
    (getrification web: Excellent website on gentrification)
    http://www.fanniemaefoundation.org/research/facts/sp00s1.html
    (gentrification essay: )

    • dictionary definition:

    • echo:
      The coining of the term gentrification is attributed to sociologist Ruth Glass who used it to describe the influx of middle class Londoners into working class neighborhoods resulting in a fundamental change in the character of the neighborhood. Today, the term gentrification still denotes an undesired change in neighborhood character, but the causes are perceived more broadly. A candidate for Mayor of San Francisco recently described gentrification in non-residential terms, bemoaning major chain stores moving into neighborhoods and displacing local businesses.

    • plus:
      "gentrify": convert (a working-class or inner-city district etc.) into an area of middle-class residence. gentrification/gentrifier- Oxford English Dictionary (1993). "gentrify, -fied, -fying": to convert (an aging area in a city) into a more affluent middle-class neighborhood, as by remodeling dwellings, resulting in increased property values and in displacement of the poor. gentrification - Webster's Dictionary of the American Language (1988). "Simultaneously a physical, economic, social and cultural phenomenon, gentrification commonly involves the invasion by middle-class or higher-income groups of previously working-class neighbourhoods or multi-occupied 'twilight areas' and the replacement or displacement of many of the original occupants." - Chris Hamnett (1984) "The Village can increasingly be described as a middle- to upper middle-class oasis. It is at present beset by the forces of gentrification, with developers, speculators, and more privileged classes gradually buying up properties inhabited by less well-off people of diverse backgrounds. Gambling on a steady rise in property values, many old and new residents hope the area will become 'hot', trendy, and expensive." - Elijah Anderson (1990). "Gentrification is the process...by which poor and working-class neighborhoods in the inner city are refurbished by an influx of private capital and middle-class homebuyers and renters....a dramatic yet unpredicted reversal of what most twentieth-century urban theories had been predicting as the fate of the central and inner-city." - Neil Smith (1996)

    • bibliography:

  • bibliographical categories:
    Cities and towns--GrowthLondon (England)

  • hard cover:
    London University Centre for Urban Studies (editor)London: Aspects of ChangeMacGibbon and Kee, London 1964.

  • publisher:
    MacGibbon and Kee

  • site of publication:
    London

  • year of publication:
    1964